Use a timer to help you divide your study
time into sessions. Going to and fro between
focus and rest (like a game of table tennis)
is important to finding solutions and to
mastering anything. Divide your time into
25-minute sessions with five-minute breaks
Spread or space repetitions of work over a
number of days or weeks.
Plan your sessions the night before and note
what time you should finish.
As you progress, more work needs to be mas-
tered in the same amount of time. At school
we have to memorise lots of things. At uni-
versity the emphasis is on understanding. As
a general rule, spend about 50% of your time
on understanding, 30% on practising relevant
skills, and only 20% on memorising content.
Remember the value of sleep. Even napping
during the day is helpful. After study ses-
sions (4 hours), take a one-hour break with a
quick nap of 25 minutes. New memories are
“vulnerable”, but sleep helps the new memo-
ries to stick. After a nap, repetition ensures
Focus on what is on your desk in this ses-
sion. Be present. Do not fret about what you
still have to do afterwards or could not finish
Reward yourself after a completed session –
some music or a 20-minute break for coffee
with a friend, for example.
Time management 2 – effective study